Kuja Dosha / Manglik
I have been asked to clarify many misconceptions about ‘Kuja Dosha’ or ‘Manglik’ in a horoscope. Kuja, Angaraka and Mangala are some of the names for Mars and Mars effect being posited in certain houses of horoscope causes Kuja / Angaraka / Mangala Dosha. All over India, astrologers check this Dosha while matching horoscopes for marriage purposes. Especially in North India, they give lot of importance for ‘Manglik’ and many girls remain unmarried for not getting a suitable match.
Mars is ranked as a malefic and being of Martian nature is associated with aggression and thereby can cause some destruction to the house he is posited in. While this is generally true, it cannot be accepted as bad across the board since Mars can be Yogakaraka for certain Lagnas and therefore it is unwise to assume that he will do harm to all people.
The Classical texts state the following regarding Kuja Dosha.
While assessing the strength of Kuja Dosha we have to see the strength of Mars. For this we see the Shadbala strength and specially Sthana Bala which is important. Generally all planets when they are exalted they are powerful and give full effect. When in Mulatrikona give 75% effect, Own House 50% effect, Friendly House 25% effect and in Adhi Mitra house (Natural friend + temporary friend) give 3/8 effect.
Note: If we count Mars position from Lagna, Moon and also Venus, then the whole world population will have Kuja Dosha and therefore I recommend that we stick to Lagna only.
- Mars posited in 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 8 & 12 reckoned from Lagna causes Kuja Dosha
- They also state that these positions be examined reckoned from Moon and Venus.
- Intensity of Dosha when reckoned from Moon and Venus are equal
- Intensity of Dosha when reckoned from Lagna is twice that from Moon and Venus.
- For Males, Mars in 2, 7 & 8 and for Females Mars in 4, 8 & 12, the Dosha is maximum
- Dosha for the boy should be greater than the girl.
- For Cancer and Leo Lagna, Mars is Yogakaraka and hence there is no Kuja Dosha.
- For Gemini and Virgo Lagna it is 100% Dosha
- For Taurus and Libra Lagna it is 100% Dosha
- For Sagittarius and Pisces Lagna it is 50% Dosha
- For Capricorn and Aquarius Lagna it is 75% Dosha
- For Aries and Scorpio Lagna it is 25% Dosha
The following are the circumstances when Kuja Dosha gets cancelled.
Mars in a Dusthana and in a Bhava Sandi (Cusp)
Mars in Own House, Exaltation house, Friend’s house and associated with benefics (Moon, Jupiter and Mercury) or having their aspect.
For Gemini and Virgo Lagna Mars in 2nd house
For Aries and Scorpio Lagna Mars in 4th house
For Capricorn and Aquarius Lagna Mars in 7th house
For Sagittarius and Pisces Lagna, Mars in 8th house
For Taurus and Libra Lagna, Mars in 12th house
For Cancer and Leo Lagna, there is no Kuja Dosha.
Powerful Jupiter and Venus in Lagna or in 7th house
Mars in 7th and associated with / aspected by Moon, Jupiter and Mercury
Saturn in 1, 4, 7, 8 and 12 from Lagna
People born in Ashwini, Mrigashira, Punarvasu, Pushya, Aslesha, Uttar Phalguni, Swati, Anuradha, Purvashadha, Uttarashada, Shravana, Uttarabhadra and Revati do not have Kuja Dosha.
Analysis of Mars positions
Mars in 1st House
Mars is the embodiment of aggression and courage. This is a good position for both male and female. However in the context of marriage, the male may turn too violent and physical if Mars is spoilt by other malefics. For females, in today’s context this is required so that they can face the world boldly. But this quality may not be liked by some traditional families looking for a bride.
Mars in 2nd House
Second house represents ‘Speech’ and Mars in 2nd make one to be caustic and aggressive in their speech. In olden days when we had joint family concept the elders wanted a bride who is soft spoken and pliable to carry on with the family traditions. Therefore they disliked or did not want somebody to question elders thereby terming this as powerful Dosha. People, both male and female with this placement are curt and terse in their speech.
Mars in 4th House
Fourth house represents family happiness and Mars here may cause some disturbance. Unless Mars is thoroughly spoilt, no serious damage will happen. Day to day disharmony and quarrels are common in every household and too much need not be read into this placement.
Mars in 5th House
For a female, this is a serious placement and is to be studied deeply. Fifth house is the house of progeny and child bearing ability of the lady. Association with Saturn may delay issues. Other malefics like Ketu can cause miscarriage / abortions. Serious afflictions may deny progeny. This placement in male chart also gives us a clue about progeny.
Mars in 7th House
7th house represents marriage and partner. Mars presence here can cause some serious damage to the relationship. Do not blindly predict divorce / separation unless Mars is thoroughly afflicted. The couple may live separately for various other reasons and deep study is required before predicting adverse effect.
Mars in 8th House
8th house is the house of Longevity and for spouse it is the ‘Mangalya Sthana’ This is a serious placement of Mars and you have to very careful in analyzing the chart considering all other aspects. Do not be hasty in coming to a conclusion. 8th house can also mean late marriage and need not necessarily affect longevity.
Mars in 12th House
12th house represents bed comforts. Mars in 12th may cause some disharmony in this regard. This is not a placement to be worried about if there are benefic aspects on 12th house.
1. Do not always think Mars as a harbinger of unhappiness.
2. Mars represents courage, vitality and acts as impetus / catalyst for many activities. Remember he is the Karaka for Blood. Without raising your BP, you can never excel in any activity.
3. He may boost the activities of the house in which he is posited. For e.g. 12th house; he may boost bed activities.
4. Please study Navamsha chart also before coming to any conclusion. Bad placement in Rashi can get modified by good position in Navamsha.
5. Blanket painting of Mars as ‘Separator of Marriage’ is wrong and please devote more time and effort to study Mars deeply.
Pariharas / Remedies for Kuja Dosha:
Marry off the boy with Kuja Dosha with a girl with similar Dosha. This gets nullified.
The deities who represent Mars are Subramanya, Karthikeya, Kumaraswamy or Skanda. Worshipping these deities every Tuesday will bring relief.
When Mars is in 8th house and to protect the Mangalya of the girl, especially in South India, the bride is married to a tree like Plantain tree (in some cases Pipal Tree). After the marriage is solemnized, the tree is chopped off signifying the death of husband thereby Dosha gets nullified. She will be ready for actual marriage.
In serious cases, Maha Mrityunjaya Homa / Navagraha Homa / Ayushya Homa may be required at the appropriate time.
Legend has that Savitri fought with Lord Yama and got her husband back to life. Therefore people believe that girls should perform Savitri Vrata regularly to protect their husband’s longevity.
Some people recommend wearing gems like Red Coral (Moonga). But I feel that by wearing these, you are strengthening Mars and his effect on those houses may increase manifold. As far as possible do not wear any of these.
Worshipping the Gods Bhairava or Narasimha alongside Subramanya can help relieve the distress.